died in the 16th century Manco Inca, He was one of the last characters to rebel against the advent of Spanish colonialism. Four centuries later, his struggle was recognized by the Peruvian Government and Congress, which proclaimed him the pioneer and national hero of the indigenous peoples of Peru and the Americas.
Starting in 2022, every 6th of May will be referred to as the Day of Resistance. one-armed Inca against the Spanish invasion. The story of this leader jumps into rebellion without surrender, and in addition, last inca He lives in the imperial city of Cusco, the stronghold of Tahuantinsuyo.
his full name Manco Inca Yupanqui and was born around 1515 between Cusco and Puno. He was nicknamed Maco Cápac II and Inca nobilityfor he was the son of Huayna Cápac and Mama Chimpu Runtu, the penultimate Inca of Tahuantinsuyo.
He served as soldier, Inca nobleman, politician, and first ruler of the Vilcabamba kingdom. He was very young when he started the war between his two brothers in search of power. Huáscar and Atahualpa opposed the succession of his father, Hayna Cápac. Manco Inca decided to support his older brother, but on his way back from an expedition in Paititi, a inca castle Located in the forest of Madre de Dios atahualpa had prevailed and had taken most of Cusco.
A group from your brother’s army Huaskar Arriving in Cusco and accompanied by the Spanish army, this changed the perspective of the young Inca, who decided to unite Francisco Pizarro’s troops with his own in order to overthrow Quizquiz, the general of Atahualpa’s army.
The Spanish and Cusco army managed to defeat it. maybe, forced to flee to Jauja, where he met another Spanish army. This meeting took him from Jauja to Huánuco Pampa. In the end, Huáscar died on Atahualpa’s orders, according to what is known, but the latter was also captured.
After that, only Manco Inca, who was recognized as emperor in 1533, remained. Inca empire Under the rule of an Inca. So the young man continues to get his name. Manco Burr II, in memory of the founder of the empire.
The idea the Spaniards were trying to propagate was that they came to the region to aid peace, but as time passed, the true intent emerged. To live, to conquer and to establish was the main idea.
News of the atrocities taking place all over the empire began to come in slowly. Willaq Umu, one of the main characters of the series spell Claiming to be high priest of the Sun, they were taken prisoner and demanded an enormous amount of gold for ransom. On the other hand, it has become commonplace to sow disloyalty. Some Spaniards supported the uprising against the Inca. Even if, one-armed Inca He remained calm, but according to various historians, this was a defensive strategy.
It took only a year for those in the Empire to start being abused by the Spanish and cause a revolt.
For 1535the city was with less Spaniards and this is one-armed Inca He decides to gather all of Tahuantinsuyo’s officials.
“[…] These bearded men are preaching one sermon, doing another, all the advice they give us is done backwards. They have no fear of God, they have no shame. They treat us like dogs, they don’t call us names. Their ambition was so great that they did not leave a temple and a palace that they did not steal, but even if all the snow turns into gold and silver, it will not be enough for them. Inca speech before other officials.
Rebellion declared, but one-armed Inca There was no infiltration of the ‘yanaconas’, former Inca slaves liberated with the arrival of the Spaniards. They quickly informed Juan Pizarro and his compatriots of these plans.
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His capture and torture were also imminent. He managed to get free by paying whatever the Spaniards wanted. Burning her eyelashes and using candles to make her angry were also among the abuses. This was learned from the letters sent by the guards to the Spanish crown. They also stole everything in his palace.
Atrocities were taking place not only in Peru but also in Chile, and Willaq Umu witnessed it. There was no mercy, women, the elderly, children were subjected to the same attacks.
Gold was the Spanish weakness and one-armed Inca Therefore, I knew this when Hernando Pizarro came. to Cusco He came under the patronage of the Inca emperor and began to give him shiny objects, gaining his trust and buying time for the final attack.
manages to meet more than 75,000 warriors; but the plan of attack failed. After a while he had to leave. ollantaytambo and settle in Vilcabamba, located in Cusco’s high forest region.
Various events took place, up to the conflict between the two. almagristas and pizarristas eventually made Manco Inca a refuge for the defeated almagristas.
They taught him to ride horses, use armor, and drive a harquebus. According to historians, St. first inca who rode
The betrayal intensified when the Spaniards learned that the governor would come and also forgive them. Taking advantage of the departure of Manco Inca’s troops, they stab him in a game called “shooting a horseshoe.”
He did not survive and died three days later. The murderers were caught and sentenced to death. History shows that Manco Inca Yupanqui fought against the crown from a small castle in Vilcabamba, causing headaches and fights among the settlers, creating one of America’s greatest epics.
TRUTH: The name of this region is derived from two Quechua words ‘willka’ and ‘pampa’ meaning sacred pampas or pampas of the Sun.
Although the positions have been divided, everything he has been through has made him worthy of the recognition signed on November 18.
Alejandro Cavero said the project “seems anti-Peruvian and should be rejected by Congress,” but in the end the project was approved by a majority with 70 votes in favour, 13 against and 23 abstentions.
Peruvian historian Daniel Parodi noted that “the warrior must be given a place in history.” one-armed Inca To reflect more on Peruvian history”.
“Making Manco Inca a hero against colonialism should not offend anyone. It makes sense for a country like Peru to have a hero against the Spanish occupation,” said the historian through his channel, Agujero Negro.
The signature was signed in the presence of Cusco representatives.
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