Alemania constructe colossal ″torre térmica″ para calentar hogares en invierno | Germany | DW

The oxide-colored tower that rises from an industrial emplazamiento cerca de las orillas del río Spree de Berlín does not appear in any way to the elegant flasks that the Germans use for coffee, although their purpose is similar: providing some heat to lo largo del día, especially cuando hace frío en el exterior.

With a height of 45 meters and a capacity of 56 million liters of hot water, the public service company Vattenfall affirms that the tower will help heat the Berlin homes this winter, even as the Russian gas supply runs out.

“Es un enorme termo que nos ayuda a amlarnas el calor cuando no necesitamos lo,” said Tanja Wielgoss, who directs the calor unit of the Swedish company in Germany. “Y luego podemos liberarlo cuando necessitemos utilizarlo”.

Huge thermos: una batería gigante

Aunque los sistemas de heating urbana alimentados por carbón, gas o residuos exist desde hace más de un siglo, la majorias no están diseños para storing significant quantities of calor. En cambio, they burn all the fossil fuel they need, contributing to greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming.

Instead, the new installation presented at the electric power plant of Vattenfall en Reuter will maintain the water at a temperature of almost boiling using electricity from solar and wind power plants in all of Germany. Durante los periodos en los que la energía renovatable supera la demanda, la instalación actua como una batería gigante, aunque en lugar de amlacarante electricityidad, almena calor.

The energy supplier Vattenfall presented a new installation in Berlin that converts solar and wind energy into heat, which can be stored in a vast thermal tank and released into the network of the German capital when necessary, easing the problem of fluctuating supply las energías renovables.

The energy supplier Vattenfall presented a new installation in Berlin that converts solar and wind energy into heat, which can be stored in a vast thermal tank and released into the network of the German capital when necessary, easing the problem of fluctuating supply las energías renovables.

“A veces hay una abundance de electricityidad en las redes que ya no se puede utilizar, y entonces hay que apagar las turbinas eólicas”, explained Wielgoss. “Donde estamos nosotros podemos aprovechar esta electricityidad”.

The major installation of Europe: thermal capacity of 200 megawatts

The installation of 50 million euros will have a thermal capacity of 200 megawatts, sufficient to satisfy a large part of Berlin’s hot water needs during summer and 10% of what is needed in winter. El enorme depozito aislado puede mantener el agua caliente hasta 13 horas, lo que ayuda a cover los periodos cortos en los que hay poco viento o sol.

También podrá utilizador otras fuentes de calor, como el que se se extrae de las aguas residuales, dijo Wielgoss. Although it will be the largest heat storage facility in Europe when it is finished at the end of this year, it is still being planned for a larger one in the Netherlands.

The maximum responsible for the climate in Berlin, Bettina Jarasch, said that the faster they construct these heat storage systems, the better.

Dependencia de combustibles fósiles rusos

“Due to its geographical situation, the region of Berlin depends even more on Russian fossil fuels than other parts of Germany,” said The Associated Press. “Por eso tenemos mucha prisa aquí”.

“La guerra en Ukraina y la crisis energetica nos enseñan que tenemos que ser más rápidos,” said Jarasch. “En primer lugar, para llegar a ser neutrales con respecto al clima”, he said. “Y, en segundo lugar, para independizarnos (de las importaciones de energía)”.

Las cifras publicadas el jueves por la asociación alemana de empresas de servicios públicos BDEW show that the efforts to reduce the use of natural gas are surtiendo efecto.

Gas consumption fell by 14.3% in the first five months of this year compared to the same period of 2021.

The plant is equipped with a heat storage tank with a capacity of 56 million liters, which according to the company is the largest heat storage tank in Germany.

The plant is equipped with a heat storage tank with a capacity of 56 million liters, which according to the company is the largest heat storage tank in Germany.

Part of the decline was due to a milder climate, but the industry group said that, including taking into account the warmer temperatures, there was a measurable fall that was attributed to the more difficult economic conditions, the calls of the German government to save energy y los especiales personales de los individuos.

“No sufriarán ninguna escasez”

Wielgoss se mostró confiada en que los clientes de Vattenfall no passarán frío este invierno, a pesar de la inminente restriction de gas por parte de Rusia, ya que Moscú toma represalias por las sanciones occidentales reduciendo el gas que circula por los gasoductos clave.

“Los consumptives alemanes están muy bien protegidos”, he said. “Así que seguro que no sufrirán ninguna escasez. Pero, por supuesto, pedimos a todo el mundo que empiece a ahorrar energía”.

“Cada kilowatt-hour que ahorramos es bueno para el país”, he added.

FEW (AP, Süddeutsche Zeitung)

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