Appropriate food choices for rheumatic patients

Many foods affect the inflammatory process in patients, so it is important to know their content in the foods we eat most often.

Lcda. Wanda Gonzalez, nutritionist, nutritionist, gymnastics physiologist. Photo: Journal of Medicine and Public Health. Photo by Fabiola Plaza.

Understanding պ reading food labels correctly can help us choose healthier alternatives that fit our health: lifestyle. This information is regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Since 2014, these labels have been changed, regulated to be used by 2015, to be adapted to a more reasonable consumer reality.

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In the Journal of Arthritis and Rheumatology, an area dedicated to patients with rheumatic diseases linked to the Journal of Medicine and Public Health, Ms. Wanda, a nutritionist, dietitian, and exercise physiologist, assured that, in essence, the nutrition label is: a tool when choosing food. “

The truth is that in some cases the commercial process of some food products can influence the decisions we make when choosing these products. “Many times we are carried away by brands, colors or the words ‘diet’, ‘low sugar’, without which it means that this product provides us with all the nutrients the body needs,” he said.

Another important factor in making these decisions is the amount of calories, sugars, and fats based on our medical diagnosis or diet plan, which we follow when the truth is that at these points we need to have one in mind. size, portion per container, total calories, etc.

Nutrition information. Relevant diet data

Service size: Services in one container show how much total is in the whole container or package.

Delivery in one container (Size in one container). As for total number of servings on: the whole container or package food. Some packages may also have a two-column label Number of calories և nutrients a part, և information about the whole package.

Total calories. As its name suggests, through this information we know all the calories contained in this product. “It all depends on the type of food we are going to eat, that is, whether it is a snack or a complete meal. Similarly, we need to keep in mind that consuming adequate calories will help us maintain or control a healthy weight. “Everything depends on each patient,” the expert explained.

Or is it true? overweight can contribute to the development of inflammatory processes և increased joint pain In patients with rheumatic diseases, this information should be taken into account when choosing food in supermarkets.

Distribution of nutrients. Refers to total fats, saturated fats, trans fats, cholesterol և sodium. “We need to limit the use of these ingredients, as overuse can lead to cardiovascular disease, high cholesterol, fluid retention or changes in blood pressure.”

In order for a food to be qualified as “low fat”, its value must be less than 3 grams (c). For low saturated fat content, its value should be less than 1 g, և should not contain trans fats. The corresponding amount of cholesterol should be less than 20 mg (mg) and sodium less than 140 mg.

For some products, it is normal to say that they are ‘sodium deficient’, which means that the total amount of food has been reduced by 25%, ie if the food contains 500 mg of sodium, it has been reduced by 25% (equivalent). “125 g), but despite that, the product is still high in sodium content,” the lawyer explained.

The specialist mentioned that such a thing happens in the case of cellulose. “In order for a food to be considered rich in fiber, it must contain 3 g or more of this ingredient.” One thing to keep in mind is that not all foods that contain seeds provide the optimal amount of fiber.

“If you have a diagnosis at the gastrointestinal level, in which case your indication suggests a low-fiber diet, we will try not to exceed that 3 g,” said the specialist.

As we increase our fiber intake, we need to increase our daily drinking water intake to avoid constipation.

Total sugars և added sugars. It is common to see that the mass or percentage of added sugar is less than the total sugar in the product և in many cases this can be confusing. However, the licensee comments that “according to the FDA, less than 10% of total daily calories should be consumed in added sugar.”

In general, this type of ingredient refers to the usual sweeteners օ syrups that accompany food. if, on the other hand, it is equal to or less than 5%, it means it is lower. And that is the kind of food we should give preference to. ”

This is because excess sugar can contribute to inflammation, joint pain, uncontrolled blood sugar levels, weight gain, and other adverse health effects on patients.

Calcium intake. Calcium is an essential mineral for bone health; It helps the muscles and nerves work, as well as blood clotting, while reducing the risk of developing osteoporosis. “For prevention, we can choose calcium-fortified foods.”

Introduction of Vitamin D. This vitamin promotes calcium absorption, as it promotes bone health. It regulates blood pressure, is possible for the production of hormones, promotes the work of the immune-nervous system, therefore it is important in nutrition.

Potassium intake. This mineral is important for the functioning of the cardiovascular system, as well as for the contraction of the muscles and the nervous system. However, there are some health conditions, such as chronic kidney disease, that may require some regulation in its use. “The food label allows us to identify the amount of this food that helps the body make better choices.”

The list of ingredients. In general, the components are sorted from highest to lowest, that is, in descending order. “The first three ingredients found in this list are the most predominant in this product,” the expert concluded.