- BBC News Mundo
One of the drugs is on the fly in the Arab world: the captagon.
However, it can be used as an antidepressant for prescribing medicine in Occidente, because it has been shown to demonstrate its potentially addictive level.
It is not too much to denounce that one of the strongholds of the self-proclaimed Islamic State was produced by the winds, but because it is the flame and the flame including the “drugs of the terrorists”.
Now, certain investigations into the production and distribution of gran escalation by Golfo Persico and Levante are a theme of the State.
“Our study studio shows that the captagon is converted to the main source of pressure for the Syrian crisis”, says BBC World Caroline Roseinvestigator del Newlines Institute for Policy and Strategyun think tank with the fact that Washington has recently made public an investigation into drug production in Syria.
“Anyone who suggests that people close to (Syrian President) Bashar Al-Assad, including his minor brother, Maher al-Assad, who is the commander of the Quarta Blindada Division from the air (an elite unit), are a deterrent to this negotiation. which is converted into the main export product of Syria “, aggregate.
The Syrian government has neglected a number of actions being implicated in the production of captagon and ensuring that the numerous reports and studios that are sent are false.
“Syria has an important role to play in the international community to fight crime in general, especially against drug trafficking,” the Interior Ministry said in a statement posted on Facebook last December.
It was reported that “Syria is deploying an important document in support of the international community to fight crime in general and drugs in particular.”
The Minister of Interior of Syria, Muhammad al-Rahmoun, told the statistic medium Athrpress in October 2021 that “Syria is a free country of drugs”, because its geographical location “you are bound in a transhipment country “.
The embargo, the Newlines Institute for Policy and Strategy study is not the only one that has been linked to Syria.
Reports from coastguards of various countries, including Italy and Jordan, and investigations by The New York Times and The Guardian, the Organized Crime Reporting Project (OCCR) and the Center for Analysis and Operational Investigation (COAR) hacia Damasco.
“The pursuit of economically viable activities has enhanced the relative attractiveness of drug-related industrial-scale speculation, which has been captured and controlled on a large scale by drug lords implicated in the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his allies.” indicating the COAR the passing year.
With the Syrian economy growing, there is a decade of warfare and a capacity for recovery through international sanctions, which is being converted into a multimillion-dollar industry, following investigations.
“The cases in which the captagon production is most pronounced are controlled by al-Assad’s regime and their family members,” said Ian Larson, a COAR analyst.
“It is a circular connection, indicative”.
Accompanied by the Newlines Institute investigation, only in 2021 the illegal market for captagon products valued at US $ 5,700 million.
“We do not need a certificate of account of this diner being in the hands of the Syrian government, because it affirms that a significant part of this interest is probably due to the lack of a lot of people,” said Rose.
The investigator assured that the war of more than 10 years and the sanctions against the Syrian economy, the captagon is converted into “a stream of alternative winds for the State”, but for actors not static.
“Employees and members of the agro-agricultural sector in Syria have been implicated, but it is an alternative form of guarantee for an economy that is devastated,” he said.
From prohibida drug and medication
The captagon was synthesized for the first time in the 1960s and used far from the world as an antidepressant that was prescribed for other problems such as anxiety or narcolepsy.
“It is a substance that takes place by prescription, since it is prohibited and played by a completely differentiated substance in the Middle East. Levante y el Golfo Pérsico “, explicit Rose.
According to the investigator, his popularity in the real world is due to the fact that its effects are not only as negative as those of other drugs, but mainly due to the elements that politics has to do with the characteristics of society or the economy:
- “In the Arab world, the taboos that exist about drug lords in the Occidente.
- “It must be said that at a time when many of the countries where we consume, the economic and political conditions are such that the sea is very different, and the captagon is very attractive to those who do not have to work all the way to escape. del hamber, por sus efectos y porque es muy barato “, se Roseala Rose.
This is due to the fact that the substance of the sea is concentrated as the “coca of lozenges”.
And that captagon provokes that the person who consumes it is productive. Además, quita el hambre y el sueño y da un pulse of energy, lo that lacho popular también entre jóvenes as recreative drugs.
“It should be noted that the captogen tampered with has evolved from its formula, based on amphetamine, to skip doses of major amphetamines and in combination with other excipients, such as cobra, zinc, quinine, pseudoefustrate “, explica la investigator.
Studies that study its prophylaxis sample people who are converted to addictive substances and many investigations suggest that they are exposed to violent behaviors, hypertension or cardiovascular problems.
“The captagon has multiple uses, but it turns into a very interesting and fascinating substance that has multiple and different consumer profiles,” Rose said.
The Syrian market
If the capton consumes much in the Arab world against the Islamic State or guerrilla warfare in Syria, its production in recent times has reached record levels.
An investigation into the 2021 finals of the stadium diadounidense The New York Times show that if you have been decommissioned in the world of more than 250 million captagon fields, a candidate 18 years ago that the incarceration has four years.
According to Rose, statistics from 2022 suggest that the captagon traffic series be included.
“There is a great deal of drug production, which does not imply only in Syria, but also due to ground forces, harassment and embezzlement of the Arab world that respond to the demand of a critical market,” the expert said.
“But logically, it is not possible to do this by individual methods or by small groups that run a state and share parts of the service of production and distribution of this substance, which is basically based on an industrial level.” , agrega.
Rose assured that her investigation, carried out under the direction of analyst Alexander Söderholm, showed that in the last few years all of them were shot by al-Assad and the Syrian air force because they were implicated in the production and distribution of the captive. sophisticated.
The Newline Institute reports that the Syrian government has been implicated in this negotiation since the production has the distribution of the substance.
“We find that there are a number of places that are produced that are associated with the Syrian air, but the Syrian authorities have facilitated the production of captagon with laboratories and factories of pecans, medians and, moreover, a large scale,” he said.
“The game, however, with the transport of these drugs to ports of static ownership, or, moreover, ports not official or far from the cost of Syria or the cost of Lebanon or far from the frontier points. It is a red tan “The complexity and dynamics that hack from Syria are probably the most modern of the narcotics states, but because of the time at which it is consolidated as tal”, commented.
A shipment of captains valued at US $ 100 million will be delivered to a Greek port in 2020.
The beech owl started its journey in the Syrian port of Latakia, overseeing the Syrian government, and the drug establishing cafés, specimens, and asylum. An OCCRP investigation the owner of the Taher Al-Kayali era, a man sanctioned by the Italian authorities and allegedly linked to Mudar al-Assad, first of all the Syrian president.
The Syrian Ministry of the Interior, for its part, has stated that “carrying out the most spirits to inflict, smuggle and confront drug traffickers and promoters is a phenomenon persuaded by smuggling and drug trafficking and decommissioning.”
A new point of ingress
The Newsline Institute report says the drug is still a nuisance because it has gained momentum in the face of sanctions that live in Syria as a result of the 10-year-old war.
“The Syrian regime has seized a lagoon in order to counter and arrest the effects of these sanctions and the crisis, but basically water that affects individual members of the goblin, their affiliates and their allies,” he said.
Given that the captagon wants a very affordable and very popular substance in the Levant as well as in the Persian Gulf and with the capacity to launch new conditions of destination, the investigation that is likely to include the end of the war in Syria without logging in to its large scale production.
Al menos al mientras al-Assad y su familia contininen el el poder.
“We project that this business is continuously expanded in time. However, it is not presented in a single box for the application at the regional level, but is provided in a box for human security, which only people can consume without regulating it. “supervision, and most of all we see that your formula is alter”, said Rose.
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