Depression: Which of the following is true of depression? Salud y bienestar

Depression is characterized by a low level of interest and interest dissemination.
Depression is characterized by a low level of interest and interest dissemination.Justin Paget (Getty Images)

Lastly, there is a nurse who is on the ground and has not shown any signs of depression: depression. The World Health Organization (WUA) estimates that of the 322 million people in the world on the podium, 18% more than a decade ago. Recognized as having a major depression, it is characterized by a state of self-consciousness, disintegration of interests, detrimental to cognitive function and problems of appetite or appetite. Además is recurrent and costly, with a tendency to coronation, and generating suffocation and incapacitation.

Shall we say what the cause is? Unfortunate, no. Without embargo, there are sufficient studies on the risk factors, ie, the characteristics and constants that increase the probability of falling into the ravines.

Algunos, as sentiment as dictated, relates to dramatic vital concomitants, tales as the death of a serum or the diagnosis of a grave nurse. As an embargo, there are many other risk factors for depression that do not end up being congested, even though they are important.

We refer to sociodemographic factors, genetic and neurological factors, personal factors, adverse experiences and comorbidity.

Sociodemographic factors: the double of depressed women

Quis the most consistent and concomitant risk factor for dental depression of sociodemographic factors is sex. Universally, regardless of country or culture, women have the double probability of experiencing depression that men despair of puberty.

Not obstructively, there are other factors that contribute to depression such as age, civil status, educational level or race. In particular, it has the highest frequency in young adults; in solitaire persons, separated or divorced; and in aquellas with a minor educational level y of white race.

It should also be noted that depression is most common in people with other illnesses, disabilities and living in urban areas.

Genetic factors: tendency to depression

Families of first-degree patients with severe depression have been severely affected, but most dexterity patients are disturbed. Studies suggest that between 26% and 42% of the variations in depression are due to genetic influences. There are also indications that this heredity is most evident in the depressions of the initial and recurring course.

However, there is no specific gene or combination of genes that is associated with depression or is implicated in parental transmission. It is heterogeneous.

Neurological factors: amygdala is hyperactive

In parallel, adult neuronal abnormalities were documented in four regions of the brain. All structural abnormalities are seen in the volumes of gray matter of the hippocampus, amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex, and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex.

The deprivation also changes the neuronal function. In particular, there is a great deal of cerebral activation in the subcortical regions of the emotional process, such as the amygdala and the limbic circuits, combined with attenuated activation in these regions of cognitive control.

Not only in adults. Anomalous masses in neuronal function and structure are identified in the shadows of depressed men, including before the onset of the depressive episode. This will ensure that our most vulnerable people are not harmed.

Personal factors: introversion and excess of autocriticism

There is evidence that the tendency to experiment with negative emotions (mood, anger, sadness, disgust), as well as negative mood swings and mood swings, implies a high risk to depressing a depressive frame. It is known as neuroticism.

By the way, there are more cases of depression among people who punted high in introversion. Refer to subjects that have preferred solitaire activities, more infocused in their pens, sentiments and stages of activity that are in the search for external stimuli.

Asymmetry, the investigation suggests a relationship between depressive depression and a low point scrupulousnesscharacteristic of individuals without objective, informal, perezosos, disquidified, indisciplined and with voluntary intent.

Living in the opposite direction — and its predictors of depression — the exaggeration of autocriticism (inclining to the sentiments of the body and the phrase deriving unrealistically expectant things about a mass) and dependence / sociotropy (sentiment of impotence high emotional dependence of the demos).

Other activities that cause depression are those that occur as a negative attributive style. Treat the tendency to explain the negative results of your experiences of internal, stable and global causes. For example, “I do not conceive of the whole body because I have an injector, like it anyway, in all the facets of my screws”, and similar views.

Algo similar ocurre with la rumiation, defining it as the repetitive feeling that inflates the attenuation in the depressive symptoms and in their implications, causes and meanings in the persons who experiment.

Ultimately, the deficit of personal resources (social habits, approximate problem-solving strategies, or habits of antimattering anti-stress) is related to a higher risk of a depressive frame.

Adverse experiences

More than 40 years of investigation have documented the paper that sent them acontecimientos vital graves at the beginning of depression. Depending on the type of study you study, approximately 50% and 80% of people with depression are informed of a vital event and severe anterior initiation of the tumor.

Bonding in a conservative estimate, we tend to stabilize that people with depression have a probability of 2.5 to only experiencing a vital grave event against their initiation in comparison with water that is not there. Normally, health problems that involve screwing, separation and duel, exposure to violence, curtain of work and financial insecurity.

It is also important to consider cataclysmic catastrophes or phenomena. These are repentant, one-size-fits-all events that affect a large number of people, who are free to control individuals or groups, and who are generally universally entertaining. Like the covid-19 pandemic.

Exposure to negative acid-induced surges in infant pubescence can lead to severe depression. These events include physical and sexual abuse, psychological neglect (or abandonment), exposure to domestic violence, parental mental illness and crime.

People with the onset of infantile trauma (in particular, being attacked and abused or abandoned emotionally during pregnancy) have more than double the risk of developing a depression.

Comorbilidad

Probably one of the most common aspects of depression is that it is accompanied by other mental disorders. In particular, alloys, alloys related to substances, foodstuffs and other problems.

For other people, chronic or serious medical condition is a risk factor for depression. However, there is an interrelationship between depression and a range of physical disorders: acute myocardial infarction, asthma, cancer, cardiac arrhythmia, chronic coronary syndrome, congestive heart disease, obstructive pulmonary disease, obstructive pulmonary obstruction or epilepsy, thyroid problems, diabetes, obesity, other pathologies of the digestive tract, hypertension, arthrosis, osteoporosis, renal failure, rheumatoid arthritis, cerebrovascular accidents… Sin olvidar fibromyalgia and chronic pain.

There are many factors that can help prevent depression, even when major depression occurs. And quizzos do not allow parallel to the feet in their imparable advance.

The Conversation

Fernando Lino Vázquez González is the cathedral of Clinical Psychology, University of Santiago de Compostela

This article was originally published in The Conversation. Here you can learn the original.

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