Estados Unidos sufer una extrema ola de calor y un uncontrolado incendio forestal en California

Firefighters observed how the Oak fire burned in Darrah, Mariposa county, California, on July 22, 2022 (REUTERS/David Swanson)
Firefighters observed how the Oak fire burned in Darrah, Mariposa county, California, on July 22, 2022 (REUTERS/David Swanson)

Una “ola de extremo calor” affects tens of millions of Americans este fin de semana, con record temperatures in the center and northeast of the country and a forest fire in California.

“The extreme heat will continue in the center of the United States and will extend to the northeast this weekend, and we hope that today (Saturday) and Sunday will reach record temperatures in the entire region,” said the National Meteorological Service (NWS). . Las altas températures spumirán la the threat of “violent meteorological phenomena” such as hail, winds and tornadoes in the north of the Mido Oeste, according to the NWS.

La sofocante canícula, que muestra the threat that supposes global warming, se sintió especially en Washington, con hasta 37 o 38 degrees Celsius. Nueva York rondó los 35 grados. Temperatures can also reach 43 degrees in the western Utah, southern Arizona and northeastern regionsaccording to the NWS.

People sitting under umbrellas in a park during the heat wave in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, July 21, 2022 (REUTERS/Allison Dinner)
People sitting under umbrellas in a park during the heat wave in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, July 21, 2022 (REUTERS/Allison Dinner)

Boston, whose mayor Michelle Wu declared the “estado de emergency por calor”, with zonas de refrigeración municipales abiertas and piscinas abiertas durante más tiempo, could register 37 degrees on Sunday.

This year, several waves of heat were recorded in the whole world, as in July in Western Europe and in India in March-April. Su aumento es una clara señal del cambio climática, según los científicos.

In June 2021, an unusually intense heat wave wreaked havoc on the west coast of the United States and Canada, killing more than 500 people. y provocando incendios forestales massivos, con temperaturas cercanas a los 50 grados.

A firefighter ignites a fire near Midpines Park on Highway 140 while the Oak Fire burns near Mariposa, California, July 22, 2022 (REUTERS/Tracy Barbutes)
A firefighter ignites a fire near Midpines Park on Highway 140 while the Oak Fire burns near Mariposa, California, July 22, 2022 (REUTERS/Tracy Barbutes)

Aumenta el incendio Oak en California

El calor eleva el risego de incendio. Al oeste An “Oak” forest fire was declared on Friday in Mariposa County, near Yosemite National Park. Covering more than 2,500 hectares, the Oak fire destroyed 10 properties and damaged five.

Autoridades forestales advirtieron la mañana del sábado que el incendio Oak aún no está controlado y que aumentó considerablemente de tamaño, haciendo que se ordenaran evacuaciones en la zone. According to the Department of Forestry and Fire Protection of California (CAL FIRE, but its acronym in English), the fire grew 26.5 kilometros cuadrados (10.2 square miles) on Saturday morning.

“El behavior explosivo del fuego es un desafío para los bomberos”, said Cal Fire in a communiqué that described the activity of the fire as “extreme, with frequent advances, punctual fires and group fires.”

Aerial view of the Oak fire near Yosemite National Park, taken from an airplane above Yosemite Valley, California, on July 22, 2022 (Matt Garr/REUTERS)
Aerial view of the Oak fire near Yosemite National Park, taken from an airplane above Yosemite Valley, California, on July 22, 2022 (Matt Garr/REUTERS)

El incendio de rapide crecimiento led the state agency Caltrans a ordenar numerous cierres de caminos, incluido el cierre de la autopista 140 entre Carstens Road y Allred Road, bloqueando una de las rutas principales hacia el Parque Nacional Yosemite.

El calor y la vegetation totally seca que dejó la peor sequía en decasas estaban alimentando el incendio y defeasando a los bomberos, explained Daniel Patterson, portavoz del Bosque Nacional Sierra. “The fire is moving fast. “Las llamas estaban arrojando brasas frente a sí mismas por hasta 2 millas ayer,” said Patterson. “Estas son condiciones de incendio exceptionales”.

“Se está movingndo rápido, evacúe por su propia seguridad”, apuntó en Twitter el Cuerpo de Respuesta Digital ante Desastres (CEDR, por sus siglas en inglés), que precisó que there are refugios abiertos en dos escuelas de primaria en Mariposa. En uno de ellos, el de la escuela Mariposa, la Cruz Roja pointed out también en esa social network que ha procurando ayuda a unas 30 people.

The Oak fire burned in Darrah, Mariposa County, California, United States, July 22, 2022 (REUTERS/David Swanson)
The Oak fire burned in Darrah, Mariposa County, California, United States, July 22, 2022 (REUTERS/David Swanson)

A menos de 16 kilometers al este de ese incendio, el declarado el pasado 7 de julio y bautizado como Washburn fire ha afectado ya a unas 2,000 hectares y está controlled en un 75%, según datos del viernes por la noche difundidos por el parque de Yosemite. El Servicio Forestal estadounidense consiguió alejar esas llamas de las icónicas secuoyas de Yosemite, pero el fuego se extendió hacia el este hasta acercarse a otro parque protegido, el Sierra National Forest.

Los motivos de ese primer fuego siguen bajo investigación, aunque las autoridades locales apuntaron a medidad de mes a un probable human origin, ya que ese día no hubo relámpagos. These llamas started in the interior of the protected area of ​​Yosemite. It is one of the most popular national parks in the USA, a natural park that among its attractions features the El Capitán monolith and the Mariposa forest, where algunos árboles, con edades de hasta 2,000 años, alcanzan alturas de casi 80 metros.

With information from AFP, AP and EFE

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