- BBC News Mundo
Russia’s military invasion of Ukraine, the two Nordic countries that have neutral neutral firms, Finland and Sweden, revises its policies and supports the members of the military alliance of OTAN.
For some commenters the final destination of Finalndia and Sweden is a “desastre” for Moscow, which has always seen the expansion of the alliance as a safety net.
However, Russian President Vladimir Putin has been widely criticized for failing to represent what constitutes a “new problem”, even as new members of the OTAN refrain from offering military infrastructure, especially nuclear weapons.
What is clear is what the geo-strategic map of the region is they are completely different when Finland and Sweden enter OTAN.
“El Baltic is being converted, effectively, into a branch of OTAN,” said Andrey Kortunov, head of the International Consolation Council of Russia, a Moscow-based think tank affiliated with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Effectively, with Sweden and Finland following OTAN, Russia reserves 200 km of cost in the Baltic.
Y 90% of the remaining 8,000 km cost divided by countries in the alliance: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden and Finland.
Pero allí, incrustado between Poland and Lithuania, is Kaliningrad, an “oblast”: an exclave or administrative region of Russia which does not comprise ninguna frontera terrestre con esta.
It is Russian exclave, with less than a million habitats, being converted into a strategic point of each division which is more profound between Occident and Russia.
Some commentators agree that this territory is crucial to the Moscow offensive against Ukraine as well as to defending its defenses against any kind of hostility in some parts of OTAN.
Including I have some information about that Russia has disarmed nuclear weapons in its territoryorio.
From Koenigsberg to Kaliningrado
Kaliningrad is one of the 46 oblasts that Russia currently has, but it is the only one that does not have a land front with the country.
Además of strategic and military importation, Kaliningrad has a great historical importation to Europe as well as to Russia.
The races of the territory are overlooked in the history and are extensively related to the destination of East Prussia and its capital, Köenigsberg.
La antigua Königsberg fue fundada los Caballeros Teutónicos en 1255, a catholic crucifix of German origin that governs Prussia.
When East Prussia was separated from Germany by the Prime Minister Guerra Mundial, the territory was part of Germany until 1945, and finally the Second Guerra Mundial, which was conquered by the Soviet Ejército Rojo.
Entonces, at the Yalta Conference agreed on a division between Poland and the Soviet Union, which was formalized in Potsdam in 1945.
Mikhail Kalinin’s Russian name, one of the main members of the Bolshevik Communist Movement and the official leader of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1946.
Kaliningrado tiene the only one in the Baltic Sea that is free of hibernation lasting all year round.
However, the port city is crucial to Russia as well as to the Baltic States to guarantee transportation and trade throughout the region, while its temperatures are still relatively high.
Due to its transport and trade, Kaliningrad is a strategically vital region for Russia after its position in the Baltic Sea and its proximity to OTAN.
Hotel the Russian Baltic Fleet and position as the most western territory of Moscow, near the heart of Europe.
On the other hand, the Baltic Fleet announces that it is launching a series of missiles with similar simulations of its Iskander system, with nuclear capability.
The Iskander missile system will be introduced for the first time in the region in 2016 and will be updated in 2018, as part of a Russian strategy to counter the expulsion of OTAN from a ballistic missile defense unit in Europe.
There have also been regular military exercises involving the Baltic Fleet and a series of guerrilla games since the invasion of Ukraine.
“Kaliningrad has been the focal point of Russian security concerns since the announcement of the first OTAN amplification operation in the 1990s,” said BBC World Cup’s Ruth Deyermond, professor in the Department of Postgraduate Security at the Department of Foreign Affairs. the King’s College Guerra de London.
“Inevitably, in the periods when the tensions between Russia and OTAN are increasing, the concerns about Kaliningrad are increasing”, agrega.
Kaliningrad’s establishment of a militarized fortress from both sides, however, is that militarization has been forced through the Russian annexation of Crimea in 2014.
And most of all relations between Russia and the West, more than the military presence of ambassadors in the region.
“Do not be surprised that this is part of Europe, with the main concentration of Russian and OTAN forces near the sea, now the focus of major security concerns on the part of ambassadors,” said Professor Deyermond.
Russia does not, however, openly acknowledge that it has dismantled its nuclear weapons in Kaliningrad and that it has used a liquid arm on its joints.
“The deployment of a weapon in the air, the deployment of military units, etc. in Russian territory, is an exclusive act of sovereignty of the Russian Federation,” said in 2018 the Kremlin spokesman, Dimitry Peskov.
Some high-ranking officials, such as the Lithuanian president, are convinced that Moscow will deploy nuclear weapons in the strategic Baltic region.
Some military analysts believe that OTAN is intervening in the current conflict in Ukraine or Moscow, and that other Soviet republics, such as Lithuania and Kaliningrad, are relying on a launch platform for Russia.
But Stefan Wolff, professor of International Security at the University of Birmingham, England, does not believe that this is a possible scenario at the moment.
“I do not mind the sensation that Russia is seriously considering an escalation “I do not have the resources to hack at the moment”, le dice el experto a BBC Mundo.
“Without an embargo, there is a long way to go. But at the same time, it’s important to increase the defensive capacities of OTAN now in order to qualify Russia’s move in the future.”
Experts coincide that an agreement between Sweden and Finland suggests that Russia is fortifying its militarization in Kaliningrad.
However, King King College’s expert Ruth Deyermond said, Russia is protecting the territory of OTAN, in order to be a precursor to attack Poland or the Baltic States “.
Do not count the time to go through the ratification process for the inclusion of Sweden and Finland in the OTAN.
Habitat is like a one-year-old, but it is said that in this case, some members, such as United States, use pressure to accelerate the trim.
Mintras tanto, the experts created that it is a fortified militarized territory converted into a crucial point for the Russian offensive against Ukraine.
“Today is not crucial, but the most important volcanic eruption is the escalation between Russia and the OTAN or Russia initiating destabilization operations in the Baltic States or in Poland,” said Stefan Wolff.
For Ruth Deyermond the most serious risk is not a deliberate invasion or the intentional use of nuclear weapons.
“Rice’s grave in the Baltic is a calculation error or a tendency to provoke an escalation that does not go away,” said the King’s College expert.
“The region is small, the land has no proportion of significant natural barriers and has a lot of personal military looking for one another. This is a good proportion of conditions before an accident can be controlled.”
“However, all of them are aware of this ability, and as long as it is, the risk is manageable,” said the expert.
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