(CNN) — El uso de marihuana recreational se asociación con un major riesgo de atención en la sala de emergencynas y de ser hospitalizado por cualquier motivo, found un nuevo estudio.
“The consumption of cannabis is not as benign or as safe as some people might think,” said the study’s author, Nicholas Vozoris, assistant professor and clinical investigator in the respiratory division of the department of medicine at the University of Toronto.
“Our study demonstrates that the use of this substance is associated with serious negative results, specifically, emergency visits and hospitalizations,” Vozoris said in an email.
La marihuana recreational generates a significant risk of hospitalization
The study, published this Monday in the journal BMJ Open Respiratory Research, analyzed data from the national health records of more than 30,000 residents of Ontario, Canada, between the ages of 12 and 65 years during a period of six years.
Compared to non-consumers, recreational marijuana users were 22% more likely to visit an emergency department or be hospitalized, the study revealed.
El resultado se mantuvo included después de adjustar el analísi a más de 30 factors de fusión, como el consumo de otras drogas ilícitas, el consumo de alcohol y el tabaquismo.
“Las corporales físicas fueron la principal causa de visitas al departamento de emergencias y hospitalizaciones entre los usuarios de cannabis, seguidas de cerca por las razones respiratoryas,” said Vozoris.
Marijuana smokers had higher blood and urine levels of various toxins related to smoke, such as naphthalene, acrylamide and acrylonitrile, than non-smokers, a 2021 study found. while acrilamida y el acrylonitrilo se han asociado con cáncer y otros problemas de salud.
Another study conducted last year found that adolescents were twice as likely to report “sibilants or whistles” in their chest after vaping marijuana than after smoking cigarettes or using electronic cigarettes.
The relationship between marijuana consumption and health
Various studies have demonstrated an association between marihuana consumption and lesions, both physical and mental.
The intensive use of marijuana among adolescents and young adults with mood disorders, such as depression and bipolar disorder, has been linked to a greater risk of self-injury, suicide attempts and death, according to a 2021 study.
Another study of this same year found that habitual cannabis users, including adolescents, come more and more to the emergency room complaining of intestinal discomfort in women that they know as “cannabis hyperemesis syndrome” or CHS.
La afección causa nauseas, dolor abdominal intenso y vómitos prolongedos “que pueden durar horas”, dijo a CNN el Dr. Sam Wang, specialist in pediatric emergency medicine and toxicologist at Children’s Hospital Colorado, in a previous interview.
A review published at the beginning of this year analyzed the studies of more than 43,000 people and found a negative impact of tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, the principal psychoactive compound of cannabis, in the superior levels of thinking of the brain.
Before young people, this impact can “consequently lead to a reduced educational achievement and, in adults, a deficient labor performance and dangerous car driving. Estas consequencias pueden ser peores en los usuarios habituales y pesados”, le dijo a CNN el coauthor del estudio, el Dr. Alexandre Dumais, clinical associate professor of psychiatry at the Universidad de Montreal, en una interview previa.
En un momento en que “los sistemas de atención de la salud ya están al límite en todo el mundo tras la pandemia de covid y con tiempos económicos difículas… el consumo de cannabis está está increasing en todo el mundo”, said Vozoris.
“Los resultados de nuestro estudio should sonar las ‘campanas de alarma’ in the mind of the public, health professionals and political leaders,” he said in his electronic mail.