Obesity appears to be a catalyst for triple negative cancer, confirms Puerto Rican expert

Stress is another stimulus that women should consider to avoid the disease.

Dr. Edna Mora is a research surgeon at the University of Puerto Rico Cancer Center. Photo courtesy of the Journal of Medicine and Public Health.

Obesity and stress are catalysts for a suffering woman, according to Dr. Edna Mora, a surgeon at the University of Puerto Rico Cancer Center and a researcher in the Department of Surgery at the School of Medical Sciences. from breast cancer.

“We in Puerto Rico have a high risk of obesity in both adults and children. This fact is really worrying because fat produces estrogen, which causes the reproduction of breast fat. This effect is not only for girls, boys are very prone. the other Types and defects of cancer cardiac. In addition, the stress we apply to the body provokes when we do not sleep well, when we do not train to eat “red” fatty meat, “explained the expert.

In Puerto Rico, obesity is a public health problem, as it affects 30-35% of its population. In its morbid version, which is estimated to be 50 to 100% overweight, it is treated with increasing frequency of surgery.

He added that doctors urge patients to visit their doctors more often to avoid this type of cancer. “Avoid cancer It’s very simple, we know that sugars are very harmful to the body, that cancer is fed with sugar, so we must eliminate the amount of sugar that we fill the body.

He noted that, as with all diseases, early detection can save lives, so he believes that a woman should not wait for a symptom or feel anything else to see a radiologist. For this, it is vital to have mammograms, which always show whether there is a precancerous condition.

“We should not wait for something to feel like going to the doctor, in fact, when patients come for a consultation, it seems that when a mass is touched, a biopsy should be done, we understand that it was not premature. “Discovery,” they said.

He explained that it is important to note that not all breasts are cancerous as they are. other factors that cause painsince sinus has many favorable conditionsbut it is vital to see a doctor to find out.

Find out cancer triple negative

Mora mentioned that the first thing is to explain to people that this is so cancer triple negative, because this is a type of breast cancer, which is not just one disease, but there are several, the “classification of it” is the following.

Cells have antennae or receptors, they are receptors for estrogen, progesterone, those receptors when they absent from malignant cellsbecause this type of cancer is called triple negative cancer, which we will talk about today.

Other cancers express some of these receptors, so treatments are aimed at blocking these receptors, preventing cells from growing and spreading.

“In case of triple negativity, we need to be a little more creative, that is, look for other sources to see how to remove quite aggressive cells,” he said.

The expert explained that studies show that this is not a very common cancer, it is one of the most aggressive cancers, it is more related to the African-African descent of the Spaniards, it should be noted that: These studies also show that the difference with other species is great.

“Studies show that it is more aggressive because it affects a population that is very limited in terms of health insurance and treatment,” he added.

For cancer In the case of breast cancer, it is generally vital that we focus on prevention և early detection through ultrasound և mammography. Well, it is through early detection that we can cure this disease very effectively.

“Patients may go for insightful visits, go to their doctors, radiologists for an accurate diagnosis. “In general, in the case of cancer, we always say that the treatment is interdisciplinary, because there are other medical methods,” he said. .

On the other hand, Dr. Edna Mora mentioned that cancer The triple negative is no different, it depends on the patient’s stage of the disease երբեմն stage, sometimes it starts with surgery, others, on the contrary, start with neoadjuvant treatment, which is a process that is done before surgery. “Many of these treatments are given intravenously or orally.”

There are epidemiological studies in the world where they have shown that the incidence of this type of cancer is high in the population living in poverty or extreme poverty, such as Asia, South America, Africa and other countries that do not have access to medicine, so it is widespread. : that this type of cancer is more common in these groups, but there is no study to differentiate between Puerto Rico and other countries.

“This is an aggressive cancer, so the possibility of a local recurrence in the breast or chest is common. “Metastases are also common; they spread to other organs in the body, such as the lungs and bones.” This is why there are local repetitions. “It is quite common, that is why oncologists need to be very close to treating the patient,” he said.

The knots under the armpits are the area we pay the most attention to

Estrogens increase the risk of this type of cancer, which is why Dr. Edna Mora said that the best advice is a healthy lifestyle and peace of mind, it is impossible to live in stress, because these situations significantly change the body.

“This type of cancer, unlike others, does not allow us to use drugs that are used to treat other types of cancer. The studies we participated in focused on the use of immunotherapy or to test whether the androgen receptor is a different recipient. “than what we were talking about before,” he explained.

He explained that immunotherapy is a drug-based treatment that works to identify harmful cells and to attack them. cancer“But Medical Advances is currently working on other methods that will enhance existing treatments.”

Most cancer patients are being treated, not like a few years ago, when it was impossible to cure them due to lack of tools. Many people can have a long life, even having one cancer What is happening in your body is that it is already possible to control it with the right treatment.

“In oncology, we are aware of the development of cancer, so we know how to distinguish between the early stage, the treatment stage, and the fact that death is accepted with dignity. We always accompany the patient in their process to: “They can understand his condition, they can move forward,” he concluded.