- José Carlos Cueto
- BBC News Mundo
While decadent, Sweden and Finland maneuvered neutrally in the midst of latent rivalry between the political blocs represented by Washington and Moscow.
Pero todo cambiado en cuestión de semanas desde the invasion of Russia and Ukraine the last 24 of February.
Este domingo, Finland advertises its solicitation plan formally adhering to OTAN, the military alliance encamped by the United States and other potentials of Occident cuya amplification have been utilized by Russia as one of the excuses for invading your vehicle.
Sweden joins Finland with a similar announcement this month.
Concretely this is the amplification of OTAN, a detachable exchange rate in the international geopolitical table with futuristic implications.
En BBC Mundo te explicamos las possible consequences of this decision.
¿What is the implication that Sweden and Finland are members of OTAN?
“In practice, Finland and Sweden have become more and more accustomed to OTAN in their 90s,” said the BBC’s Pablo de Orellana, an international relations expert at King’s College London.
The OTAN general secretary, Jens Stoltenberg, referred to both countries as “the most threatened societies” and the military alliance.
Orellana pone as an example of collaboration los airborne and airy exercises from OTAN in northern Europe, where “Sweden and Finland participate as a whole”.
In 2014, following the Russian invasion of the Crimean peninsula, some countries began to formally collaborate to pursue foreign allies.
Now, I finally claim to be OTAN, that exchange is the “most important thing” that implies membership: the ability to invoke the Article 5.
Article 5 of OTAN refers to collective defense and implication that one against the other is considered to be as one against the rest of the membranes.
“It’s ultimately the case that Sweden and Finland are actually going to invoke Article 5. All the rest of the requirements are complete,” Orellana commented.
One of the main requirements is destinar al menos el 2% del Producto Thenterior Bruto on the defensive, as Finland haces and Sweden as compromising the alczarzar for the adjacent aces.
To join the organization you need to open ports that United States can open to nuclear weapons in all territories, as Orellana defines it as “an internal problem of the OTAN, which the Europeans in general and which the Finnish and the Finns find to be clear of no quarrels”.
Pod How did Russia react?
The Russian president, Vladimir Putinthere are no problems with Finland and Sweden, because the expansion of military infrastructure in its territory requires a reaction from Moscow.
The porter of the Kremlin, Dimitri Peskovdijo is lune that Russia observes from around the moving parts of the nordic countries and aggregate which is convenient in that its adhesion does not strengthen the security of Europe.
“This is a serious topic that generates our own preoccupation and we follow it with a lot of care,” he said.
Compared to Ukraine, Peskov Russia has no territorial disputes with Finland or Sweden.
A post that concurred with Orelllana’s analysis, considering that “there is no prospect of Russia invading these passages directly, except that Moscow only needs to force these passages to yield to its strategic priorities.”
An embargo, advised that there is a calculated difference in security actually between Sweden and Finland joining the OTAN.
“Hay que ver qué beneficios trae contra contra la beligerancia que seguro crecerá del lado ruso “, says.
Pas Which passages for Sweden and Finland to join the OTAN?
In Finland, the Prime Minister, Sanna Marin, announces that the government has sent its official solicitation to the adjacent dynasty, an egg the Parliament confirm the decision.
“In Finland, the parliamentary process is tense, but it is clear that Parliament’s debate is historically determined by determination and accountability,” said Marin.
During the mandate, there is no obstruction due to the fact that it is transmitted through the OTAN.
In recent weeks, Stoltenberg has been told that, in order to formalize the solitude of the membrane, there are a series of “warm-ups” that take place “rapidly” during the adhesion process.
Given that these parts are completely varied from the requirements of OTAN and that they are actively cooperating with the organization, their adhesion, a formal form of solidarity, complete support in cuestión de meses.
Even though Sweden and Finland do not have a viscous vision, Orellana said that the United States should seek refuge in Turkey, “despite the fact that Sweden and Finland, despite the fact that many other European countries are reconciled with the Kurds as soloists.”
Turkey, under the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has repeatedly criticized these countries because of the handwriting of organizations in Ankara that are classified as “terrorists” and have been demonstrated against their entry into the OTAN.
With “terrorists”, Erdogan is referring to members of his party PKK (Game of the Trabajadores of Kurdistan and the Popular Protection Units (YPG for their English names).
The YPG is considered as a terrorist group by Turkey after giving up all its weapons to the PKK, which has led a bloody guerrilla war in Turkey since 1984.
“This is the position of Turkey el iconico obstáculo visible as a brake on the adhesion of Sweden and Finland to OTAN “, says Orellana.
“It should be noted that a country aspiring to a territorial dispute is not an absolute case of Finland and Sweden,” he added.
¿Why do countries abandon traditional neutrality?
The political leaders of the national ambassadors insisted on repeated actions that the invasion of Russia and Ukraine modify their history of neutrality.
“When Russia invades Ukraine, the security position of Sweden is fundamentally changed,” said in a statement the party led by Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson.
In Finland, the prime minister justified his exchange of views with OTAN, saying “Russia is not the only one who thinks we are the wind.”
The political cycle has been reversed by a historic exchange rate in the public sphere.
A sample of passing marz sampling that 57% of all approbation of the membrane to the OTAN, the first view in the history that the majority of the opt-in countries are positioned clearly in favor of a military bloc.
Sweden has not participated in any wars from the times of Napoleon and has established its own security policy on “non-participation in military alliances”.
Finland, for its part, has been gaining momentum for decades since a neutral Russian hacienda. Lifting the bottom of the Segunda Guerra Mundial as a way of securing the front paw in a much more powerful way than the invasion in 1939 in the swamp Guerra de Invierno.
Generations of politicians and citizens create that protection against protectionist expansionist aspirations, in particular shared 1,300 kilometers of fronts.
Send to OTAN jam has había alcanzado more than 30% of the approval between the Finns.
Without embargo, semaphores following the invasion of Russia and Ukraine, public opinion has been dramatically linked to 76% of approbationthe most high in the history of the present.
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