¿por qué Elon Musk está lanzando miles de satellites al espacio?

Elon Musk con una photo de un cohete espacial detrás,

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Space X, Elon Musk’s company, has launched thousands of satellites into orbit. Muchas personas incluso affirman haberlos visto en el cielo.

They are part of the Starlink project, whose objective is to provide high-speed internet in remote areas of the Earth.

What is Starlink and how does it work?

Starlink provides internet services through a gigantic network of satellites.

This project is designed for people who live in remote areas and cannot access it high speed internet.

Even in rich countries like the United Kingdom there are people within this category, but “there are more in the world in places like Africa”, says Lucinda King, Manager of Space Projects at the University of Portsmouth in the United Kingdom.

The Starlink satellites have been placed in the lower terrestrial orbit around the Earth before making the connection speed between the satellites and the sea floor the fastest possible.

GRAFICO

BBC

Sin embargo, they need muchos de estos satellites de baja altura before proving una coverage completa alrededor del planeta.

What do you think? Starlink has placed 3,000 in the space since 2018. Puede que llegue a utilizar 10,000 o 12,000, según Chris Hall, editorial director del sitio web de tecnologia Pocket Lint.

“The use of satellites solves the problem of getting internet access in remote locations in deserts and mountains. It avoids the need to construct large amounts of infrastructure, such as cables and masts, before reaching these areas,” says Hall.

¿Cuánto costa Starlink y quién la usará?

Comparado con providos de internet estándar, Starlink no es muy barato.

En Estados Unidos, por ejemplo, cobra US$99 a sus clientes. La plataforma y el router que se necesitan para conectarse al satellite costan US$549.

Sin embargo, in the United States and the European Union, 90% of households have high-speed internet.

“The majority of the developed world is already connected,” commented professor Sa’id Mosteshar, from the Institute of Politics and Space Laws of the University of London in the United Kingdom.

“(Starlink) is depending on una proportion pequeña del mercado para obtener beneficios”, added el specialist.

The company says it has 400,000 subscribers in the 36 countries it currently covers. Most of them are found in North America, Europe and Australasia.

Map showing the actual coverage of Starlink.

Starlink

Starlink currently covers 36 countries, most of them in North America, Europe and Australasia.

Next year, Starlink plans to extend its coverage in Africa, South America and Asia, regions where internet coverage is more irregular.

“Quizá los precios de Starlink sean demasiado altos para muchos hogares en África, pero puede jugar un importante role en conectar escuelas y hospitals en zonas remotetas there,” says Hall.

How is Starlink helping Ukraine?

Mientras las fuerzas rusas han avanzo en Ukraina han ido cerrando los servicios de internet ucranianos e intentado bloquear sus redes sociales.

Elon Musk habilitó Starlink en Ukraine immediatente después de que empezó la invasion Al país se han destinamento alrededor de 15,000 routers y antenas de Starlink.

A Space X rocket launched from Florida last February with 49 Starlink satellites.

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A Space X rocket launched from Florida last February with 49 Starlink satellites.

“Starlink has kept things functioning, like public services and the government. The Russians have not found the way to disable it,” added Hall.

También ha sido usado en el campo de batalla.

“Las fuerzas ucranianas lo usan para communicarse. Por ejemplo, entre los puestos de mando y las tropas en el terreno”, explained Marina Miron, investigatora de estudios de defense en el Kings College de Londres.

“Your signal can’t be saturated like ordinary radio signals, and the package only takes 15 minutes to install,” says Miron.

Is Starlink creating special saturation?

In addition to Starlink, other rivals such as OneWeb and Viasat that also offer satellite internet services are placing thousands of satellites in low terrestrial orbit.

That’s it it will cause problemssaid Mosteshar.

“Hace que el espacio sea menos seguro in terms of collisions”, explained the expert.

“The satellites could impact otras naves y crear fragmentos de destrozos y estos, de vuelta, they could cause much more damage when they flew at high speed”.

I eat recently habido varios casos de riesgo de accidente que involucraban a satellites de Starlink, includante a la estación espacial de China.

“Si hay muchos más fragments, podría hacer que la orbita terrestre baja sea unutilizable en el futuro”, says King, de la Universidad de Portsmouth.

“Y quizás no podamos superar la orbite terrestre baja hacia orbita más altas, donde están situados nuestros satellites navegacionales y de telecomunicaciones”.

Un satellite Starlink aparece como un rayo de luz en el cielo de la tarde.

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The Starlink satellites often appear in photographs as rays of light, obscuring stars and planets.

The Starlink satellites are also creating problems for astronomers.

Al amanecer y al atardecer, pueden verse a simple vista porque el sol se reflecta en sus alas.

Esto puede causar rayaduras en las imágenes del telescopioobscuring the view of stars and planets.

“Los astrónomos vieron los problemas temprano”, says Professor Mosteshar. “Fueron los primeros en quejarse”.

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