¿Quién era Ayman al-Zawahiri, el líder abatido de al Qaeda?

(CNN) — Next, we present a glimpse into the life of al Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri.

Personal data:

Date of birth: June 19, 1951
Place of birth: Egypt
Number of birth: Ayman Muhammad Rabi al-Zawahiri
Padre: Rabie al-Zawahiri, professor of pharmacology
Madre: Umayma al-Zawahiri
Marriages: desconocido en los registros públicos
Shade: desconocido en los registros públicos
Estudios: Universidad de El Cairo, 1974, master’s degree in surgery, 1978

Otros datos

Zawahiri was Osama bin Laden’s personal physician.

Zawahiri proceeded from a distinguished Egyptian family, according to el diario The New York Times. His grandfather, Rabia’a ​​al-Zawahiri, was imán de la Universidad de al-Azhar en El Cairo. His grandfather, Abdel Rahman Azzam, was the first secretary of the Arab League.

El Departamento de Estado de EE.UU. ofreció una rewarda de asta US$ 25 million por información que llevara directamente a la captura de Zawahiri.

Un informe de las Naciones Unidas de June de 2021 sugería que se encontraba en algun lugar de la región bordereriza de Afganistan y Pakistán, y que podría estar demasiado débil para ser el rostrod e la propaganda.

ayman al-zawahiri al qaeda

Abaten al leader of al Qaeda, Ayman al-Zawahiri in Afghanistan.

Chronology

  • 1970s: Zawahiri y la Jihad Islámica egipcia trabajan para derrocar al presidente de Egipto Anwar Sadat y establishar un Estado islámico.
  • 1980s: se une a los mujahidines que luchan contra las fuerzas soviéticas que occupy Afghanistan.
  • 1981: Zawahiri se encuentra entre los cientos de sospechosos detenidos tras el asesinato de Sadat. No es acusado en relación con el asesinato, pero es condenado a three años de prisión por possession de armas.
  • 1987: Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden know each other.
  • August 6, 1998: it sends a fax from the group of Zawahiri to an Egyptian newspaper in which it declares that the Islamic Jihad in Egypt is seeking vengeance for the United States but the detention of several of its members.
  • August 7, 1998: a group of suicide terrorists attacked the EE.UU embassy. in Kenya and Tanzania.
  • 1998: left Islamic Jihad Egypt, led by Zawahiri, and al Qaeda merged. Zawahiri and Bin Laden issued a fatwa or fatwa (Islamic law), published in an Arab newspaper, which declared that Muslims should be killed by Americans in the world.
  • 1999: Zawahiri is accused of the 1998 attacks against the embassies of the United States in Kenya and Tanzania. Recibe una sentencia de muerte, en ausencia, de un egipcio tribunal, por un supuesto plot contra los interes estedunidos en Albania.
  • December 2001: Zawahiri’s wife and three of his sons died in an attack on the United States against the residence of the family in Afghanistan.
  • June 8, 2011: he published a video of Zawahiri eulogizing Bin Laden.
    June 2011: an American antiterrorist official declared to CNN that he believes Zawahiri is the new leader of al Qaeda.
  • October 2012: Zawahiri praised the kidnapping of Warren Weinstein, an American citizen in Pakistan, in a video published on jihadist web sites. Weinstein, an expert in development, was kidnapped in 2011 in his house in Lahore, Pakistan. Zawahiri insta a sus seguidores a secuestrar a más occidentales.
  • April 2014: publican el audio de una entrevista en dos partes suestamente con Zawahiri en un sitio islamista radicala web.
  • August 2015: The person who says Sir Zawahiri affirms in an audio recording that al Qaeda is aligned with the new leader of the Taliban, Mullah Akhtar Mohammad Mansour.
  • September 2015: Zawahiri publica mensajes de audio en los que suguete que al Qaeda and ISIS should unificarse, aunque declara que el califato established por el Estado Islámico no es legitimo.
  • May 2016: un hombre que dice ser Zawahiri promises loyalty to the new leader of the Taliban, Mawlawi Haibatullah Akhundzada, en una declaración de audio publicada recentente. “Como emir del grupo jihadista al Qaeda, le presento nuestra lealtad”, says the voice of a man, que parece ser la de Zawahiri
  • May 13, 2018: en response to the transfer of the American embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem but part of the American president Donald Trump, Zawahiri called in a video message a la resistencia de los palestinos ya una jihad contra Estados Unidos.
  • February 5, 2019: se publica el discourse de Zawahiri “El camino de la salvación”. In the video, Zawahiri urged his party to unite against the enemies, including the Chinese Muslims, the Americans, the Russians, the French and the Chinese.
  • April 5, 2022: en un unusual mensaje de video, Zawahiri elogia a una estudiante musulmana india de la que se burló una multidut por usar un hijab en Karnataka, India.
  • August 1, 2022: The United States announced that it carried out an antiterrorist operation against an important target of al Qaeda in Afghanistan, where it is presumed that it was killed.

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