(CNN) – OTAN, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, for its full name, is an alliance of European and North American non-aggressive defense to promote peace and stability and safeguarding its members.
The organization, which has its headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, has created a medium that intensifies the Guerra Fría. Objective is the protection of the lands of the Western Europe from the amnesty that suppressed the Soviet Union and counteracted the expansion of communism along the Second World War.
In April 1949, its 12 founders — United States, Canada, United Kingdom, France, and other European nations — signed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, compromising and defending themselves mutually by both political and military means.
From all points, the alliance has been created: it has 30 members. By alphabetical order, son: Albania, Germany, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Denmark, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, United States, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia , Montenegro, Norway, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, United Kingdom, Czech Republic, Romania and Turkey.
From the end of the Guerra Fría, more than a decade from parts of the Eastern Bloc antigo, including three antique Soviet republics, uniting with the alliance. Russia’s trying to get OTAN as an amnesty to prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union. In the midst of recent tensions with Occidente, Russia has given firms guarantees that the alliance will not expand further, even if OTAN’s members resist.
The embargo, however, has already escalated into tensions between OTAN and Russia following the declaration of support by Finnish President Sauli Niinisto and Prime Minister Sanna Marin, who have denied that the Finnish government present briefly to the parliament of the country about information on national security in the event that the camouflage of the alliance as an alliance as one of the options of Finland, in the midst of the war of Russia and Ukraine.
One view is that the Parliament has approved the idea in principle and that other internal legislative obstacles have been raised, except that OTAN invites Finland to negotiate its accession.
It is also hoped that Sweden, except Finland, will announce its intention to join the alliance through a similar process.
On the other hand, Russia advises countries that do not adhere to the OTAN, saying that the news is consistent.
Signific What is the meaning of the principle of collective defense?
One of the great geopolitical exchanges that produces from the foundation of OTAN, its objective is to be heard. The principle behind which the alliance is based is the collective defense: “An armed force against one or a variety of countries in Europe or North America should consider an anti-all forces”.
The principle of collective defense is stated in Article 5 ° of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Guarantee that all resources of the alliance can be used to protect any member nation. This is crucial for many of the most small parts, which are undefined without their allies. Iceland, for example, does not have a permanent residence.
Given that United States is the largest and most powerful member of OTAN, any stage of the alliance is effectively protected by United States.
In reality, the first and only one that invokes item 5 runs through the assassinations of September 11, 2001 against the United States; as a consequence, OTAN allies join the Afghan invasion.
Without embargo, OTAN has been activated in other actions.
A gap in the collective defense medium in 1991 led to the deployment of Patriot missiles during the Gulf War, in 2003 in the midst of the Iraq crisis and in 2012 in response to the situation in Syria, similar to Patriot missiles.
They are basing themselves on petitions from Turkey.
¿Tiene su propio ejército?
No. OTAN depends on the absorption of fuels from its various parts, which means that it is essentially supplied as individual fuels of each nationality. It is in the interest of all the assured coalition that each country has sufficient resources to defend itself.
It is one of the main points of friction in the alliance, with United States and the United Kingdom criticizing in other ways other member states but not just referring to it.
The military presence of the United States has already eclipsed the assumptions of the allied demos since the founding of OTAN in 1949. However, the difference is much greater when the United States is still in control of the 11S attacks.
Following the OTAN directories, where 2% of your PIBs are deferred, the majority of those parts are not targeted at this target.
The former United States President Donald Trump is particularly eloquent on this topic, taking into account the European countries that are more and more, at one point, inclusive of the fact that “devuelvan” in the United States has deficits.
Following the most recent estimates by OTAN, including countries, Greece, United States, Croatia, United Kingdom, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Lithuania, Romania and France, the target is 2% by 2021.
Aun así, se trata de una mejora significativa. In 2014, the EE.UU., the United Kingdom and Greece hosted more than 2%.
At the moment, all the parts of the membrane that are established by the umbilical cord are compromised to increase the military force in order to capture the objective in a decade. Majority is complete with prom.
Cam How to change the organization and the pace of the time?
The path of the Soviet Union, the evolution of the OTAN and its expansion.
Some members serve as security guards in Bosnia, fight against trafficking in persons and disengage to receive refugees in the Mediterranean.
The Alliance is responding to new forms of conflict resolution, for example by setting up a cyber defense center in Estonia.
CNN’s Frederik Pleitgen and Nadine Schmidt contribute with this report.