- BBC News Mundo
In the swallows agua del norte del Northeast, Denmark searches for an alternative to calendars in its raw invisible.
Y, también, para acabar con su dependencia del ruso.
The Scandinavian government announced the passage of the week as it hastened the construction of an energy project with precedents that would have been announced in 2020: the “energy island” flames.
It treats one megaconstrucciones formed by wind turbine conjugates that are designed in a range of artificial islands and, because of the projects, allowed in Denmark to generate more energy than other wind farms produce in the world.
Consider the largest construction project in Danish history, at an estimated cost in US $ 34,000 millones.
Estaba previsto terminarse para 2030; pero, trace the initiation of the invasion of Russia against Ukraine, the genius given an announcement that hastened its culmination as a European alternative to Russian gas and oil.
“Denmark and Europe should be free of Russian fossil fuels as soon as possible,” said Minister of Climate, Energy and Public Services Dan Jørgensen.
The security function that the energy islands are a “green fireplace” for dejar de financiar con dinero europeo’s guerra de Putingiven that, by criterion, the North Sea has sufficient nuclear energy potential to cover the energy needs of millions of European countries.
“There is a great potential for marine nuclear power to be applied to, but at the very least, the day after day to prepare the preparations to create an island of energy added to the planned ones,” he added.
Segan official files, casi el 49% of the total energy produced by dynamically generated Denmark.
However, the International Energy Agency estimates that around 16% of its share generation currently depends on Russia (in 2016 it was 34%).
Denmark has a long history of testing the four winds of the sea to produce electricity.
De hecho, fue el primer pa dels del mundo to build a marine nuclear park in 1991.
As a result of the Climate Change Act approved by Congress in 2019, Copenhagen will compromise on a 70% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions before 2030 or carbon neutral before 2050.
In December, the gossip announced that all the new oil and gas explorations in the North Sea are over.
The new islands of the North Sea
More than 400 natural islands are part of Denmark, including Greenland, but at the same time there are sums of other artificial fibers with energetic finesse.
The construction of the first “energy island” will be announced in 2020 media.
Entonces, the Agency Danesa de Energía dijo que serían the first of its kind in the world and that buscaban explores the “immortal springs in the North and Baltic Sea”.
“Islands (…) serve as centers that can create larger connections between generated energy from marine nuclear energy and energy systems in the region around the seas,” he said.
It is estimated that the marine nuclear turbines around the mainland will provide electricity to the greenhouse al menos cinco millones de hogares.
“Energy islands mark the company of a new era for electricity generation from marine nuclear energy,” the agency said.
Accompanied by the plan, the first part of the project consists of the establishment of an artificial island in the North Sea that serves as the center for marine eagle parks that store up to 3 GW of energy, with a 10 GW wide plateau expansion potential. .
La otra, m pes pequeña se colocará en el mar Bálticoon the island of Bornholm, which produces 2 GW of energy.
To get an idea, to produce 1 GW you need approximately 3.125 million photovoltaic panels in the actual and current energy consumption of 110 million LED bulbs, according to EE.UU Department of Energy data.
The energy islands are based on the same concept, but not identical.
The Baltic Sea is established on an existing island, which implies that it is located on land: defined as an “island of the island of the island”.
The sea of the North, without embargo, is built in one isla artificial, that the plan, originally, tends to be the size of 18 football fields (120,000 m2), but the project is designed to be more than just big.
Although it is considered as a “critical infrastructure” for the country, the huge announcement that it controls 50.1% of the islands, the rest of the past and private companies.
The project prevailed to generate electricity not only in these areas, but also in the electric wires of other parts of the country.
Professor Jacob Ostergaard, of the University of Technology in Denmark, told the BBC that countries such as Belgium, the United Kingdom, Germany and other parts of the world have benefited greatly.
A new concept
Ostergaard said that the idea of energy islands is a “revolutionary” concept.
“It’s the closest gran to the blade turbine industry. We lead on the ground, where we go high and high we go down with the energy island, but because the industry leaps into a pioneering position,” he said. opinion.
Currently, the majority of countries that utilize power points hacked through turbine parks aislados entre sí, that sumistran energy directly from the red electricity.
The agreement with the Energy Agency, with the creation of the islands the air generators can be used more than the cost and distribute the electricity that generates between different ways of the most efficient way.
“The islands are green as centers, or green energy plants, that collect electricity from the circulating marine nuclear particles and distribute the red electricity,” the organism said.
“It is permissible for single-phase electrode with vastly resource-driven vases to flow more efficiently in areas other than necitan, while ensuring that the energy generated by the turbines is used in the most efficient way possible on demand. “, agrega.
The project, not obstructed, has received various questionable questions, mainly at its highest cost, the more elevated than paid Denmark by a construction.
Local energy companies, such as orst, are equipped with the ability to create an artificial island, a method used only for these purposes.
Asymmetry is criticized for the considerable cost distance in which it is used, which helps to diversify its operations, both due to climatic conditions and the impact it has on the marine ecosystem.
The possibility that the country can conclude the construction at the same time or as it hastily, as soon as the Ministry of Energy, does not work in any way due to the magnitude of the project.
Project for Europe
It’s not clear from the moment why the new islands are being announced that the announcement of the last day of the week has been made, because it is obligatory to contribute to the energy flow of Europe.
Denmark will discuss the potential expansion of energy islands with representatives of other countries of the European Union on May 18, while tending to a ministerial reunion in Esbjerg, in one of the few countries with high energy capacity.
“The EU should be independent of the Russian fossil fuels, but it is very fast and the best way of advancing is that los países europeos trabajen juntos to accelerate and accelerate the renewable energy construction in the North Sea “, affirmed the Danish Minister of Energy.
Since November, the European Union has announced plans to multiply by 25 the naval capacity of the blockade before 2050 and a shortage before 2030.
The renewable energy is proportional to a third of the current uninterruptible power supply of the unit.
According to the EU data, the solar energy of the navy is currently 12 gigawatts per square meter.
You can now download BBC World notifications. Download the newest version of our app and activate it before using our best content.